Musculoskeletal System This week we will apply pharmacology concepts to musculoskeletal system disorders. We will cover the topics of NSAIDs, DMARDs,

Musculoskeletal System

This week we will apply pharmacology concepts to musculoskeletal system disorders. We will cover the topics of NSAIDs, DMARDs, opioids, and muscles relaxants in relation to the treatment of arthritis, RA, gout, and addiction.

When selecting drugs and determining dosages for patients, it is essential to consider individual patient factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes. These patient factors include genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, behavior (i.e., diet, nutrition, smoking, alcohol, illicit drug abuse), and/or pathophysiological changes due to disease.

To Prepare:

· Review the case studies (attachment) and answer ALL questions.

· When recommending medications, write out a 
complete prescription for each medication. What order would you send to a pharmacy? Include drug, dose, route, frequency, special instructions, # dispensed (days supply), refills, etc. Also state if you would continue, discontinue or taper the patient’s current medications.

· Use clinical practice guidelines in developing your answers. Please review all Required Learning Resources. Use the Medscape app or website to complete assignment.

· Include 
at least three references to support 
each scenario and cite them in APA format. Please include in-text citations. You do not need an introduction or conclusion paragraph.

SCENARIOS FOR WEEK 7

SCENARIO 1

Mary is a 35-year-old woman that has been diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Her labs today show a TSH of 20, MCV 78, MCHD 26, Ferritin 9, TIBC 418. She has a history of iron deficiency anemia for 2 months. Current medications include Kelp tablets daily, ibuprofen 400 mg daily as needed, and ethinyl estradiol/norgestrel one tablet daily.What medication would you start this patient on for her hypothyroidism? How would you monitor this patient’s response to the medication? What education would you provide regarding her medications and their interactions?

SCENARIO 2

Joe is a 48-year-old male diagnosed with Type II Diabetes Mellitus for a year ago. He has controlled his blood glucose through dietary changes. He has hypertension and is currently on Lisinopril 20 mg po daily. He has no known allergies. His lab work includes these results: fasting BG is 225 mg/dL; HgA1C = 7.5%. Basic Metabolic Profile (BMP) is normal except for a Cr of 2.0 and eGRF of 28. What treatment plan would you implement for Joe? What medications would you prescribe and how would you monitor them? What education would you provide regarding his treatment plan?

SCENARIO 3

Jose is a 55-year-old truck driver being evaluated for his commercial driver’s license. He has a known history of diabetes mellitus type II. Current medications include Metformin 1000 mg Bid, Glipizide 20 mg po daily. Diltiazem 120 mg po BID. He is allergic to sulfa. Lab results show a fasting blood glucose of 325 mg/dL, HgA1C = 10.6%. Basic metabolic Profile is normal. What treatment plan would you implement for Jose? What medications would you prescribe and how would you monitor them? What education would you provide regarding his treatment plan? 

SCENARIO 4

Jenny is a 63-year-old woman with complaints of heartburn 4 to 5 times a week over the past 3 months. Her symptoms are worse at night after going to bed. Her heartburn is worse, and she coughs a lot at night. She has tried OTC Prevacid 24 hour once daily for the past 2 weeks. This has helped the symptoms some, but she is still bothered by them. Current medications include Diltiazem CD 120 mg PO once daily, Hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg PO once daily, Metformin 500 mg PO twice daily, Aspirin 81 mg PO daily, Fluticasone/salmeterol DPI 100 mcg/50 mcg one inhalation twice daily. Your working diagnosis for this patient is GERD. What treatment plan would you implement for Jenny? What medications would you prescribe and how would you monitor them? What education would you provide regarding her treatment plan?

 

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